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Different Colors of Urine: What Do They Mean?

Urine ColorUrine should be clear to light yellow in color, but it can turn many different colors.  Causes range from the foods you eat to the liquids you drink to the diseases and infections you might have.

Orange Urine

Some different medications can cause orange urine, like rifampin and phenazopyridine.  This color urine can also indicate that you’ve got some problems with your bile duct or liver.  If it is lighter yellow orange urine, you may just be dehydrated.

Dark Orange or Brown Urine

Infections of the bladder such as UTI infections or even kidney problems could be to blame.  Some foods- like fava beans- are known to turn your urine a little bit brown.  Medications for malaria can turn your urine brown as well.  If your urine is dark orange or brown, you could have one of several serious conditions, such as jaundice, rhabdomyolysis, or Gilbert’s Syndrome.

Pink or Purple Urine

If you like beets, you’ve probably seen this in the toilet.  It’s known in the medical community as beeturia.

If you are already on a UTI infection medication, especially pyridium, you may end up with pink urine.

Green Urine

Do you eat a lot of asparagus?  It can cause green urine.  Medications such as propofol, an anesthetic, can also do this, as well as certain multivitamin regimens.  Pseudomonas, a bacterium that causes bladder and urinary tract infections, can also cause green urine.

MORE ABOUT GREEN URINE

Red or Brown Urine

This color can be the result of porphyria, a skin (or nervous system) condition. Click MORE below to get more information on red urine.

MORE ABOUT RED OR BROWN URINE

Blue Urine

Blue urine color is often produced by medications containing methylene blue. Examples of diseases treated with methylene blue medications include malaria, plaque psoriasis, AIDS-related Kaposi’s sarcoma, cancer, West Nile virus, Hepatitis C and carbon monoxide or cianide poisoning, to name a few.

In babies, blue urine can be caused by blue diaper syndrome, a rare disorder where the child’s body has difficulty digesting the amino acid tryptophan.

Hypercalcemia, a condition where you have too much calcium in your blood, can also cause your urine to turn blue. Hypercalcemia is not a disease in and of itself; it is a condition that may be a symptom of disease.

Dark Yellow Urine

You are most likely dehydrated if you have dark yellow urine.  If you’ve been exercising a lot and not drinking enough water, you could start seeing dark yellow urine when you urinate.  Down a few glasses of water and see if that doesn’t get rid of the problem. Another possibility, though, is excessive amounts Vitamin B6 that is causing your urine to turn darker.

MORE ABOUT DARK YELLOW URINE

Yellow Orange Urine

Your body may have removed excess vitamins from your bloodstream.  Yellow orange urine can also happen from drinking too much alcohol.  Dehydration is to yet another cause of yellow orange urine, so don’t forget to make sure you are drinking enough water to stay hydrated.

Red urine

Blood in urine is called hematuria.  Blood in urine could be caused by a UTI infection, but there is also a small chance it could be an early sign of bladder cancer.  Many more things can also cause bloody urine, including medications, exercise, injury and kidney stones.  If you’re seeing blood in your urine, you should call your doctor to get some tests done.

Black Urine

Certain substances used in laxatives, such as senna or cascara, can cause black urine.

Black urine is sometimes a symptom of melanoma, in which case it is called melanuria.

Another possible cause is a rare genetic condition called alkaptonuria (AKA black urine disease). Alkaptonuria is a genetic disorder that causes the body to have trouble metabolizing tyrosine and phenylalanine. Black urine disease is more common in the Dominican Republic and Slovakia, compared to other countries in the world.

If you have urine that is black in color, you need to seek medical help.

What Do I Do Now?

So many things can make your urine change color, from common foods and medications, all the way to serious illnesses and even hereditary disorders.  If you’re urine is a different color than usual, call your doctor and get some tests run- it’s always better to be on the safe side.

Need to Find Out More About Urine Colors?

There are many great websites out there for those wanting all of the details on their specific urine color.

Urine Colors Website
http://www.urinecolors.com/

Better Medicine Article on Urine Colors
http://www.localhealth.com/article/urine-color-changes

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Yellow Urine

Yellow UrineYou should have pale yellow urine. Sometimes, though, there are fluctuations in color. Dark yellow urine could indicate that you are dehydrated and need to drink more fluids. Neon yellow urine is often a side effect of a medication or vitamin you’ve taken. Below is more information on neon yellow urine and yellow orange urine.

Neon Yellow Urine

Neon yellow urine color is most often caused by a multivitamin, vitamin C or B vitamin complex you are taking. Some of the vitamins cause bright, neon yellow pee, especially carotene. This side effect of taking vitamins is not harmful and is no reason for concern.

Another common cause of neon yellow urine is food dye. Dyes are used not only in food, but also in medications (both over-the-counter and prescription). Eating foods that have a lot of orange or yellow coloring could turn your urine neon yellow for a day or two. Dyes are also commonly used in urinary pain relief medications- the color depends on the brand you bought. Neon yellow urine resulting from food coloring or dyes is not a sign of a health problem and won’t hurt you.

Don’t forget that natural foods have their own “dyes”, too, so they can also turn your urine neon yellow. Asparagus is one food known to make your urine neon yellow. And if you’ve eaten a lot of carrots or other foods high in carotene, they can also change the color of your urine to a bright, neon yellow. Beets are another frequent cause of neon yellow urine.

Yellow Orange Urine

Yellow orange urine can be caused by food dyes, commonly found in foods and medications. Urinary pain relief medications often turn your urine yellow orange. Sometimes they turn your urine orange all together.

Some of the prescription medications known to cause yellow orange urine are:

  • Idarubicin
  • Ferrioxamine
  • Oxamniquine
  • Phenazopyridine
  • Rifampicin
  • Sulfasalazine
  • Warfarin

Yellow orange urine can also be caused by eating large amounts of beets, rhubarb or blackberries.

Conditions that Can Turn Your Urine Yellow Orange

Some health conditions and diseases can give you yellow orange urine. These include:

  • Diabetes
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperlipidemia (high levels of lipids/lipoproteins in urine)
  • Porphyria

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Filed under Colors of Urine, Infections