Tag Archives: Vesicoureteral Reflux

Kidney, Bladder and Liver Conditions that Can Cause Smelly Urine


Bladder Cancer

In some rare instances, a foul odor in urine can be caused by bladder cancer. 

Bladder cancer is a relatively rare condition.  The symptom most commonly associated with bladder cancer is blood in the urine.  The majority of people with bladder cancer have blood or blood clots in their urine. MORE... 


A fistula is an abnormal connection between two organs that are not usually connected.  A fistula between the bladder and the vagina or the colon could cause your urine to smell bad. The fistula would allow bacteria into the bladder that is normally not present. This can make your urine smell bad. MORE...

Liver Failure

Liver failure occurs when the liver becomes unable to function. It can be the result of years of deterioration, or it can have a sudden onset, depending on the cause. MORE...


Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are known for being extremely painful. Typically the pain radiates from the flank to the groin or to the genitals and inner thigh area…MORE...


Renal Glycosuria

Renal glycosuria is a very rare genetic disease, and it’s estimated to only affect 0.16-6.3% of the total population.  The condition is harmless, however it can still cause stinky urine… MORE…

Vesicoureteral Reflux

Vesicoureteral Reflux



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Crystals in Urine

afp20050315p1153-f4We don’t often think of urine and crystals in the same sentence, but this is actually a serious medical condition that affects tens of thousands of people worldwide.


The name ‘crystals in urine’ is a bit of a misnomer really.  You can’t collect these things out of your toilet bowl and take then down to the jewelry shop, after all.  What this condition is really called is Cystitis, and it’s mainly caused by bacteria in your urinary tract. 

The condition is different from your normal bladder infection in that many of the symptoms are more severe.  If you’ve had a bladder infection or serious UTI infection before, you’ll probably experience some of the same symptoms with Cystitis.


When this harmful bacteria, or crystals, leave stay in your body instead of exiting from your urinary tract like they’re supposed to, you could be in for some unpleasantness.  And if you think it’s no big deal, that you’re tough and can handle a little pee problem, well think again.  If not treated Cystitis may worsen and even travel up the tubes which connect your bladder to your kidneys.  If that happens, you’ve got a problem.

Causes of Vesicoureteral Reflux


    • This condition happens quite often when other siblings have already had it;
    • Children with spina bifida are likely to get VUR;
    • Boys get it as infants because of forceful urination.  Girls will get it later due to irregularity;
    • VUR can happen in children that have other urinary tract problems or issues, such as posterior urethral valves, ureterocele, or ureter duplication.
    • If you are a Caucasian you are more likely to get VUR,


Symptoms of Vesicoureteral Reflux

One of the biggest symptoms is a UTI infection.  If a child has any symptoms of a bladder infection, they will have to be tested, and they will have a high chance of having VUR:

  •  Problems urinating;
  •  Urinating with increased urgency;
  •  Urine that only dribbles out;
  •  Children with continual problems wetting their pants;
  •  Swollen kidneys;
  •  Poor or slow weight gain;
  •  High blood pressure;
  •  Fevers.


You don’t want your child to have any later complications in life because of something like VUR, which can be treated.  One common complication that develops in children is scarring of the kidneys due to high blood pressure that often develops from VUR, whether they had it at an early ago or chose not to treat it. 

If your child only has a UTI infection, you will have a good chance of clearing it up within a few weeks using medications, but the key is going to the doctor to make sure it’s not something more serious.


Treatments for Vesicoureteral Reflux

When tests are performed, your doctor will determine what level of reflux your child is experiencing, and put it on a scale from 1-5, 5 being the most severe. 


The good news is that most children will fall into the 1-3 category ranges, which will often clear up with time.  No therapies are needed, unless the VUR was accompanied by fevers, at which point your doctor will prescribe medication.


If your child is in the 4-5 range, you may have to have surgery performed.  A surgeon will create a flap-valve in the ureter that will prevent urine from flowing the wrong way, from the bladder to the kidneys. 


This is a drastic method, but the alternative could be severe damage to the bladder, urinary tract, or kidneys later in life, ore even before they’re fully grown.


Where to Learn More

There are many great websites out there where you can find information on VUR as well as other conditions present with VUR, such as a bladder or urinary tract infection.


WebMD Article on VUR

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) – Info on VUR


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