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Different Colors of Urine: What Do They Mean?

Urine ColorUrine should be clear to light yellow in color, but it can turn many different colors.  Causes range from the foods you eat to the liquids you drink to the diseases and infections you might have.

Orange Urine

Some different medications can cause orange urine, like rifampin and phenazopyridine.  This color urine can also indicate that you’ve got some problems with your bile duct or liver.  If it is lighter yellow orange urine, you may just be dehydrated.

Dark Orange or Brown Urine

Infections of the bladder such as UTI infections or even kidney problems could be to blame.  Some foods- like fava beans- are known to turn your urine a little bit brown.  Medications for malaria can turn your urine brown as well.  If your urine is dark orange or brown, you could have one of several serious conditions, such as jaundice, rhabdomyolysis, or Gilbert’s Syndrome.

Pink or Purple Urine

If you like beets, you’ve probably seen this in the toilet.  It’s known in the medical community as beeturia.

If you are already on a UTI infection medication, especially pyridium, you may end up with pink urine.

Green Urine

Do you eat a lot of asparagus?  It can cause green urine.  Medications such as propofol, an anesthetic, can also do this, as well as certain multivitamin regimens.  Pseudomonas, a bacterium that causes bladder and urinary tract infections, can also cause green urine.


Red or Brown Urine

This color can be the result of porphyria, a skin (or nervous system) condition. Click MORE below to get more information on red urine.


Blue Urine

Blue urine color is often produced by medications containing methylene blue. Examples of diseases treated with methylene blue medications include malaria, plaque psoriasis, AIDS-related Kaposi’s sarcoma, cancer, West Nile virus, Hepatitis C and carbon monoxide or cianide poisoning, to name a few.

In babies, blue urine can be caused by blue diaper syndrome, a rare disorder where the child’s body has difficulty digesting the amino acid tryptophan.

Hypercalcemia, a condition where you have too much calcium in your blood, can also cause your urine to turn blue. Hypercalcemia is not a disease in and of itself; it is a condition that may be a symptom of disease.

Dark Yellow Urine

You are most likely dehydrated if you have dark yellow urine.  If you’ve been exercising a lot and not drinking enough water, you could start seeing dark yellow urine when you urinate.  Down a few glasses of water and see if that doesn’t get rid of the problem. Another possibility, though, is excessive amounts Vitamin B6 that is causing your urine to turn darker.


Yellow Orange Urine

Your body may have removed excess vitamins from your bloodstream.  Yellow orange urine can also happen from drinking too much alcohol.  Dehydration is to yet another cause of yellow orange urine, so don’t forget to make sure you are drinking enough water to stay hydrated.

Red urine

Blood in urine is called hematuria.  Blood in urine could be caused by a UTI infection, but there is also a small chance it could be an early sign of bladder cancer.  Many more things can also cause bloody urine, including medications, exercise, injury and kidney stones.  If you’re seeing blood in your urine, you should call your doctor to get some tests done.

Black Urine

Certain substances used in laxatives, such as senna or cascara, can cause black urine.

Black urine is sometimes a symptom of melanoma, in which case it is called melanuria.

Another possible cause is a rare genetic condition called alkaptonuria (AKA black urine disease). Alkaptonuria is a genetic disorder that causes the body to have trouble metabolizing tyrosine and phenylalanine. Black urine disease is more common in the Dominican Republic and Slovakia, compared to other countries in the world.

If you have urine that is black in color, you need to seek medical help.

What Do I Do Now?

So many things can make your urine change color, from common foods and medications, all the way to serious illnesses and even hereditary disorders.  If you’re urine is a different color than usual, call your doctor and get some tests run- it’s always better to be on the safe side.

Need to Find Out More About Urine Colors?

There are many great websites out there for those wanting all of the details on their specific urine color.

Urine Colors Website

Better Medicine Article on Urine Colors

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Blue or Green Urine

Blue or GreenWhen You Have Blue Urine or Green Urine

If you find that you have blue urine or green urine, it is most likely that the cause is a urinary tract infection (UTI) or a medication you’ve been taking. There are, however, some diseases and conditions that cause blue urine or green urine.
There are many, many medications- both over-the-counter and prescription- that give you blue urine or green urine. Below is a list of some of them, but don’t forget that there are more than just these. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about whether any new medication you’ve taken could have green or blue urine as a side effect.

Medications that Cause Blue or Green Urine

Amitriptyline- an anti-depressant and migraine preventative known to cause blue urine or green urine

Cimetidine (Tagamet)- a common antacid medication that is also used to treat stomach ulcers

Indomethacin (Indocin)- a medication used to treat gout

Propofol (Diprivan)- a drug used as a general anesthetic or a sedative administered by IV

Methylene Blue- an ingredient in food dyes and medications with a wide variety of uses. It is usually part of the food colors Azure A, B and C. It is an MAOI and so should be used carefully, especially by those taking SSRI medications. Methylene blue is an ingredient in Prosed, another medication on this list, and is the reason Prosed can cause blue urine or green urine.

Metoclopramide- an anti-nausea drug that also increases gastric motility

Promethazine (Phenergan)- an anti-histamine medication that is also used to treat nausea and insomnia

See more medications that cause blue urine or green urine below.

Prosed, Urised and Trac Tabs- anti-spasmodic medications used for urinary tract pain

Triamterene- a diuretic used to treat high blood pressure and edema (swelling)

Viagra- a drug used to treat erectile dysfunction

General Categories of Medications:

Medications used to treat urinary pain- These can turn your pee unusual colors, depending on which brand you get. It is not unusual for this sort of medication to turn your urine blue or green.

Medications with Methylene Blue as an ingredient- This compound is used for many different purposes. In combination with light, it is used to treat a wide variety of conditions, such as psoriasis, West Nile virus and Hepatitis C, due to its anti-viral properties. It is being investigated for use against cancer and dementia.

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