Category Archives: Colors of Urine

Different Colors of Urine: What Do They Mean?

Urine ColorUrine should be clear to light yellow in color, but it can turn many different colors.  Causes range from the foods you eat to the liquids you drink to the diseases and infections you might have.

Orange Urine

Some different medications can cause orange urine, like rifampin and phenazopyridine.  This color urine can also indicate that you’ve got some problems with your bile duct or liver.  If it is lighter yellow orange urine, you may just be dehydrated.

Dark Orange or Brown Urine

Infections of the bladder such as UTI infections or even kidney problems could be to blame.  Some foods- like fava beans- are known to turn your urine a little bit brown.  Medications for malaria can turn your urine brown as well.  If your urine is dark orange or brown, you could have one of several serious conditions, such as jaundice, rhabdomyolysis, or Gilbert’s Syndrome.

Pink or Purple Urine

If you like beets, you’ve probably seen this in the toilet.  It’s known in the medical community as beeturia.

If you are already on a UTI infection medication, especially pyridium, you may end up with pink urine.

Green Urine

Do you eat a lot of asparagus?  It can cause green urine.  Medications such as propofol, an anesthetic, can also do this, as well as certain multivitamin regimens.  Pseudomonas, a bacterium that causes bladder and urinary tract infections, can also cause green urine.

MORE ABOUT GREEN URINE

Red or Brown Urine

This color can be the result of porphyria, a skin (or nervous system) condition. Click MORE below to get more information on red urine.

MORE ABOUT RED OR BROWN URINE

Blue Urine

Blue urine color is often produced by medications containing methylene blue. Examples of diseases treated with methylene blue medications include malaria, plaque psoriasis, AIDS-related Kaposi’s sarcoma, cancer, West Nile virus, Hepatitis C and carbon monoxide or cianide poisoning, to name a few.

In babies, blue urine can be caused by blue diaper syndrome, a rare disorder where the child’s body has difficulty digesting the amino acid tryptophan.

Hypercalcemia, a condition where you have too much calcium in your blood, can also cause your urine to turn blue. Hypercalcemia is not a disease in and of itself; it is a condition that may be a symptom of disease.

Dark Yellow Urine

You are most likely dehydrated if you have dark yellow urine.  If you’ve been exercising a lot and not drinking enough water, you could start seeing dark yellow urine when you urinate.  Down a few glasses of water and see if that doesn’t get rid of the problem. Another possibility, though, is excessive amounts Vitamin B6 that is causing your urine to turn darker.

MORE ABOUT DARK YELLOW URINE

Yellow Orange Urine

Your body may have removed excess vitamins from your bloodstream.  Yellow orange urine can also happen from drinking too much alcohol.  Dehydration is to yet another cause of yellow orange urine, so don’t forget to make sure you are drinking enough water to stay hydrated.

Red urine

Blood in urine is called hematuria.  Blood in urine could be caused by a UTI infection, but there is also a small chance it could be an early sign of bladder cancer.  Many more things can also cause bloody urine, including medications, exercise, injury and kidney stones.  If you’re seeing blood in your urine, you should call your doctor to get some tests done.

Black Urine

Certain substances used in laxatives, such as senna or cascara, can cause black urine.

Black urine is sometimes a symptom of melanoma, in which case it is called melanuria.

Another possible cause is a rare genetic condition called alkaptonuria (AKA black urine disease). Alkaptonuria is a genetic disorder that causes the body to have trouble metabolizing tyrosine and phenylalanine. Black urine disease is more common in the Dominican Republic and Slovakia, compared to other countries in the world.

If you have urine that is black in color, you need to seek medical help.

What Do I Do Now?

So many things can make your urine change color, from common foods and medications, all the way to serious illnesses and even hereditary disorders.  If you’re urine is a different color than usual, call your doctor and get some tests run- it’s always better to be on the safe side.

Need to Find Out More About Urine Colors?

There are many great websites out there for those wanting all of the details on their specific urine color.

Urine Colors Website
http://www.urinecolors.com/

Better Medicine Article on Urine Colors
http://www.localhealth.com/article/urine-color-changes

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Yellow Urine

Yellow UrineYou should have pale yellow urine. Sometimes, though, there are fluctuations in color. Dark yellow urine could indicate that you are dehydrated and need to drink more fluids. Neon yellow urine is often a side effect of a medication or vitamin you’ve taken. Below is more information on neon yellow urine and yellow orange urine.

Neon Yellow Urine

Neon yellow urine color is most often caused by a multivitamin, vitamin C or B vitamin complex you are taking. Some of the vitamins cause bright, neon yellow pee, especially carotene. This side effect of taking vitamins is not harmful and is no reason for concern.

Another common cause of neon yellow urine is food dye. Dyes are used not only in food, but also in medications (both over-the-counter and prescription). Eating foods that have a lot of orange or yellow coloring could turn your urine neon yellow for a day or two. Dyes are also commonly used in urinary pain relief medications- the color depends on the brand you bought. Neon yellow urine resulting from food coloring or dyes is not a sign of a health problem and won’t hurt you.

Don’t forget that natural foods have their own “dyes”, too, so they can also turn your urine neon yellow. Asparagus is one food known to make your urine neon yellow. And if you’ve eaten a lot of carrots or other foods high in carotene, they can also change the color of your urine to a bright, neon yellow. Beets are another frequent cause of neon yellow urine.

Yellow Orange Urine

Yellow orange urine can be caused by food dyes, commonly found in foods and medications. Urinary pain relief medications often turn your urine yellow orange. Sometimes they turn your urine orange all together.

Some of the prescription medications known to cause yellow orange urine are:

  • Idarubicin
  • Ferrioxamine
  • Oxamniquine
  • Phenazopyridine
  • Rifampicin
  • Sulfasalazine
  • Warfarin

Yellow orange urine can also be caused by eating large amounts of beets, rhubarb or blackberries.

Conditions that Can Turn Your Urine Yellow Orange

Some health conditions and diseases can give you yellow orange urine. These include:

  • Diabetes
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperlipidemia (high levels of lipids/lipoproteins in urine)
  • Porphyria

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Blue or Green Urine

Blue or GreenWhen You Have Blue Urine or Green Urine

If you find that you have blue urine or green urine, it is most likely that the cause is a urinary tract infection (UTI) or a medication you’ve been taking. There are, however, some diseases and conditions that cause blue urine or green urine.
There are many, many medications- both over-the-counter and prescription- that give you blue urine or green urine. Below is a list of some of them, but don’t forget that there are more than just these. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about whether any new medication you’ve taken could have green or blue urine as a side effect.

Medications that Cause Blue or Green Urine

Amitriptyline- an anti-depressant and migraine preventative known to cause blue urine or green urine

Cimetidine (Tagamet)- a common antacid medication that is also used to treat stomach ulcers

Indomethacin (Indocin)- a medication used to treat gout

Propofol (Diprivan)- a drug used as a general anesthetic or a sedative administered by IV

Methylene Blue- an ingredient in food dyes and medications with a wide variety of uses. It is usually part of the food colors Azure A, B and C. It is an MAOI and so should be used carefully, especially by those taking SSRI medications. Methylene blue is an ingredient in Prosed, another medication on this list, and is the reason Prosed can cause blue urine or green urine.

Metoclopramide- an anti-nausea drug that also increases gastric motility

Promethazine (Phenergan)- an anti-histamine medication that is also used to treat nausea and insomnia

See more medications that cause blue urine or green urine below.

Prosed, Urised and Trac Tabs- anti-spasmodic medications used for urinary tract pain

Triamterene- a diuretic used to treat high blood pressure and edema (swelling)

Viagra- a drug used to treat erectile dysfunction

General Categories of Medications:

Medications used to treat urinary pain- These can turn your pee unusual colors, depending on which brand you get. It is not unusual for this sort of medication to turn your urine blue or green.

Medications with Methylene Blue as an ingredient- This compound is used for many different purposes. In combination with light, it is used to treat a wide variety of conditions, such as psoriasis, West Nile virus and Hepatitis C, due to its anti-viral properties. It is being investigated for use against cancer and dementia.

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Black or Brown Urine

Brown UrineIf you have urine that is black or brown, it is understandably distressing. Fortunately, the most likely cause of black urine/brown urine is that you ate certain foods or it’s a side effect of a medication you took. In some cases, though, it can be a sign of disease.

The first part of this article is about black and/or brown urine, while the second part is about black urine in particular.

The foods you eat could be the cause of your black/brown urine. The top three foods that can cause this are aloe, rhubarb and fava beans (also called broad beans or field beans). If you have black or brown urine from eating these foods, it is harmless and will go away in a day or two.

Medications that Cause Black or Brown Urine

Some medications have black/brown urine as a side effect. If you have recently taken a new medication, check with your doctor or pharmacist whether black/brown urine is a side effect.

These medications are known to sometimes cause black/brown urine as a side effect:

Metronidazole (Flagyl)- an antibiotic, especially used for Clostridium dificile infections.  It is also used in anti-rosacea creams or gels, although the cream or gel versions are unlikely to turn your urine black or brown.

Furazolidone- an antibiotic/anti-microbial medication

Methyldopa (Aldomet)- a treatment for high blood pressure, especially pre-eclampsia in pregnant women. Methyldopa’s metabolites turn black when they come into contact with bleach, which is present in many toilets.

Chloraquine- a drug used to prevent malariaPrimaquine- a medication used to treat malaria and sometimes pneumoniaNitrofurantoin- an anti-biotic often used as a treatment for urinary tract infections (UTIs)

Cascara or Senna- ingredients in some laxatives

Methocarbamol- a muscle relaxer used to treat muscle spasms

Sorbitol- has many uses, including as a laxative and as a sugar substitute.

Contamination with Betadine (povidone-iodine) solution can turn urine brown (this could possibly happen while douching).

Diseases that Cause Brown or Black Urine

Some health conditions and diseases can cause black or brown urine. Alkaptonuria, a rare genetic disease, is one example. People who have alkaptonuria may have urine that gets darker and darker the longer it is exposed to air/left standing.

Melanoma can also cause urine that gets darker and darker as it is left exposed to air. This is due to the melanin and melanogen in the urine. This kind of black/brown urine will darken from the top down, which can be seen if the urine is in a clear container.

Tyrosinosis, a metabolic disorder, can cause a person’s urine to appear brown or black.

Porphyria cutanea tarda, a disease that affects heme in the body, may case brown/black urine as a symptom. However, the main symptoms are blistering or the detachment of nails from the nail bed after exposure to sunlight. People with this type of porphyria also often have liver problems.

Black Urine

Laxatives and Black Urine

Laxatives that use senna or cascara may cause black urine. Senna is a plant product and is often found in “vegetable laxatives” or “all-natural” products. These brands have at least one product that contains senna:

  • Senokot
  • Walgreens Senna Tablets
  • Smooth Move
  • Goldline
  • Sunmark
  • Fieldtex
  • Traditional Medicinals
  • Mason Remedies
  • McKesson

Cascara is another laxative ingredient that might turn your urine black. It is from a buckthorn species of plant. These brands have at least one product containing cascara:

  • Puritan’s Pride
  • Nature’s Way
  • NOW Foods
  • Heughan’s

Senna and cascara are not known to be harmful. Black urine caused by these substances should resolve within 1-2 days.

Malignant Melanoma

Melanoma, an aggressive type of cancer, can cause black urine due to the melanin in it.

Black Urine Disease (Alkaptonuria)

Another possible cause is a rare genetic condition called alkaptonuria (AKA black urine disease). Alkaptonuria is a genetic disorder that causes the body to have trouble metabolizing tyrosine and phenylalanine. Black urine disease is particularly common in the Dominican Republic and Slovakia, compared to other countries in the world.

Hemoglobinuria

Hemoglobinuria- excess hemoglobin in the urine- may cause black urine, but it could also result in red or brown urine instead. Hemoglobinuria is when you have high levels of hemoglobin, a component of your blood, in your urine. There are many possible causes for hemoglobinuria, including:

  • Burns
  • Acute glomerulonephritis (a kidney disease)
  • Kidney cancer
  • Malaria and medications used to treat malaria
  • Exposure to arsenic gas

If you have black urine, you should seek medical advice as soon as possible, especially if you have any other symptoms.

Related:

Chlamydia

Gonorrhea

Urinary Tract Infections Cause Smelly Urine

Yeast Infections and Urine Odor

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Blood in Your Urine

If you notice blood in your urine (which is called hematuria), you should consult your doctor.  Although in some cases blood in your urine is not serious, it can also be a sign of a medical problem.  It is difficult to tell if the blood in your urine is harmless or if it is a sign of a disease, but your doctor can order tests to figure out what is causing it.

If your doctor determines that the blood in your urine has been caused by a medical condition, you will likely be given a treatment to resolve the root cause of the problem.  Once the problem is gone, the blood in your urine should be, too.  There isn’t really a specific treatment for bloody urine itself.  It is usually treated as part of a wider problem.

There are several likely places where the blood in your urine may have come from.  The bladder, kidneys, ureters (which connect the kidneys and bladder) or the urethra (which carries urine out of the body from the bladder) are all possibilities.  It is also possible that the blood came from somewhere else entirely, such as a cut in the skin that is bleeding or the vagina.

What Conditions Are Associated with Blood in Urine?

You can sometimes see blood in your urine- this will turn it an abnormal color, such as red, brownish red, pink or the color of tea.  However, on some occasions the blood isn’t visible and you find out about it because it was found in a urine sample you gave. 

If you are female, it is possible that the blood in your urine is related to menstruation.  For a short period of time after a period, lab tests may find red blood cells in your urine sample. 
If you have blood in your urine in addition to other symptoms, the likelihood that a medical condition is causing it is higher.  The following are possible causes of blood in urine:
• Kidney or bladder stones (urinary stones). Other symptoms you may experience include severe pain in the pelvic area or abdominal pain.

• Kidney infection. This is also known as pyelonephritis. Symptoms include lower back pain, fever and chills.

• Bladder or urinary tract infections (UTI). Symptoms of UTIs vary, but commonly include frequent urge to urinate and pain during urination. Babies that have urinary tract infections may run a fever, lose interest in eating and display signs of irritability.

• Enlarged prostate or prostate cancer. Early stage prostate cancer may not have any symptoms. Later, symptoms such as difficulty urinating, swelling in the legs, discomfort in the pelvic area and bone pain may be present.

• Sickle cell anemia. This disease is present at birth, but symptoms may not show until a few months later. Symptoms can be extreme and life-threatening. They include restriction of blood flow to organs or extremities, pain and many other serious symptoms. 

• Cystic kidney diseases. There are dozens of different types of cystic kidney diseases. All involve cysts on the kidneys. Some become apparent early in life, while others show up after age 50.

• Glomerulonephritis.  This is an inflammation in the kidneys. 

• Tumors in the urinary tract or prostate.

• Injury to the kidneys.

• Extremely vigorous exercise.

•Some medications, such as penicillin, heparin, phenazopyridine, cyclophosphamide and aspirin.

Foods & Dyes Can Make Urine Look Like It Has Blood In It

Some food dyes can turn your urine red or orange, which might look like your urine has blood in it.  Sometimes people will not realize they have ingested food dyes.  This is often the case when they take a product like AZO, an over-the-counter medication for urinary pain.  The change in urine color caused by food dyes is harmless and will go away once you stop ingesting the dye.

If you eat a lot of beets, it can turn your urine red.

Reasons You May Have Blood in Your Urine

There are many medical conditions that can make your urine bloody, and you need to know what they are if you’re seeing red in the toilet:

• UTI Infection
• Kidney Stones
• Bladder Stones
• Trauma
• Clotting
• Medications
• Cancer

Blood in urine is related to all of these conditions. If you’re seeing red when you should be seeing yellow, call your physician and schedule an appointment.  Don’t assume hematuria will go away on its own, especially if you are a bit older.

To find out the cause of your bloody urine for sure, you’ll have to see your doctor. Without the appropriate tests, it is difficult to tell what might be causing the problem.

If you’ve recently experienced any type of trauma, perhaps from a car accident or sports injury, you may very well have bloody urine for that reason.

Seniors especially should pay attention to any blood in their urine.  Men who are over the age of 50 should always get regular prostate checks to ensure prostate health.

Related:

Urinary Tract Infections

Cloudy Urine

Red Urine

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Red Urine

 

red urineUrine that appears red in color could be a sign of a serious health problem.

There are many reasons your urine might turn red. Foods known to make your urine red or pink include blackberries, rhubarb and beets. This is due to the fact that these foods contain anthocyanins. If the cause of your red urine is the foods you’ve eaten, the unusual color will go away in a day or two. It is harmless.

 Medications that Cause Red Urine
Certain medications can turn your urine red. If you’ve just started a new medication, check with your doctor or pharmacist to see if red urine is a side effect of your medication. Some medications known to cause red urine are:

  • Rifampin– an anti-biotic
  • Pyridium (phenazopyridine)- often an ingredient in medications for relief of urinary pain
  • Senna– sometimes an ingredient in laxatives
  • Compazine– an anti-nausea medication
  • Coumadin (warfarin)- a blood thinner
  • Aspirin– a common pain reliever
  • Phenytoin (Dilantin)- an anti-seizure medication
  • Quinine (Quinerva, Quinite)- an anti-malaria drug that is also a component of tonic water and bitter lemon
  • Some tranquilizers and laxatives can turn urine a reddish color.

More Causes of Red Urine
The most common causes of red urine (if not caused by diet or medications) are urinary tract infections (UTIs) and kidney stones.

Blood in urine can make it look red. If you have blood in your urine, there are several possible causes. See our page on Blood In Urine for more information.

Although they are not the most common causes, kidney disease or a tumor in the urinary tract can cause red urine.

Another rare cause can be Sickle Cell Anemia.

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Dark Urine 2

Dark Colored Urine

Dark Colored Urine

There are also medications that will make your urine dark, such as pyridium. An example of an over-the-counter medication that changes urine color is AZO, which relieves urinary pain.

Liver diseases may cause dark urine. Jaundice, known for its tendency to turn skin yellow, is a sign associated with liver dysfunction. Hepatitis A, B and C may cause dark colored urine, but they are not the only liver conditions that may do this.

Gallstones may cause urine color to become darker. Other symptoms they cause include loss of appetite, indigestion and jaundice.

Overheating/over exposure to heat causes urine to become dark. If you suspect someone is overheating, seek medical attention immediately. If not treated, this condition can kill a person. Some other signs of overheating are clammy skin, hyperventilation (fast breathing) and excessive sweating.

Dark Urine

If you or a loved one is experiencing dark urine, it could be cause for alarm, but most likely it is nothing to get worried about.  Your urine is normally clear with a faint yellow color.  The color of your urine may change, however, based on the types of foods you’re eating, the liquids you’re drinking, and the medications you’re taking.  Some substances and compounds can alter the color of our urine, sometimes leading to dark urine.

What Causes Dark Urine?

Some of the things that can lead to dark urine are natural or artificial food colors, which may come from foods like dark colored berries or beets.  Even something as mundane as black licorice, (which also makes your stool turn green, by the way) can give you a dark urine color.  Alcoholic drinks can also darken the color of your urine, so if you are drinking a lot, consider cutting back.  Another good idea is to increase your water intake- whether or not you continue drinking alcohol, making this simple change can do wonders for the health of your urinary tract and liver.

If you take vitamins or laxatives, you may notice a change in the color of your urine, making it look darker.  Pyridium, a substance commonly found in laxatives, is one drug that will often make your urine a darker color.  If you’re taking a carotene supplement, which is a form of Vitamin A, or if you just have higher levels of carotene from eating foods such as broccoli, spinach, or other fruits and vegetables high in carotene, your urine could darken as a result.  This is usually no cause for concern.

Another possible cause of dark urine is blood.  Many things can cause blood to appear in your urine, including infections, kidney disease, kidney stones, severe bodily trauma, and even cancer.  If you’re suffering from a urinary tract infection, your urine may appear darker in color.  Jaundice, which is yellowing of the skin, is another cause of dark urine because of the increased levels of bilirubin in the bloodstream.  Liver disease or other obstructions that interfere with bile, such as diseases of the pancreas or bile ducts, are sometimes to blame for dark colored urine.

The most common cause of dark urine, however, is dehydration.  If you’re not drinking enough water your urine will be more concentrated, leading to urine that is darker than normal.

When to Seek Medical Attention

If you’ve experienced any pain when you urinate and/or your urine is a dark color, you could have a medical condition that needs attention.  Fever and fatigue are also warning  signs that should make you seek a doctor’s advice. and if your dark urine is accompanied by any of these symptoms, schedule an appointment with your doctor immediately.  A dark brown color, for instance, could mean you’re suffering from a serious liver ailment, possibly even cirrhosis or hepatitis.  When dark urine shows up with other symptoms, prompt medical attention is your best course of action.

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Dark Urine

Dark Colored Urine

Dark Colored Urine

What Is Normal Urine Supposed To Look Like?
The normal urine of a healthy person should be a light yellow color. It should be clear, not cloudy.  And its odor should not be very strong.

What Causes Dark Colored Urine?
There are many possible situations that could make your urine dark. Some of these are no cause for concern, but others are signs of serious illness.

There are different types of dark urine. If you have blood in your urine, the color may be red, orange, pink, brownish-red or the color of tea.

A urinary tract infection (UTI or bladder infection) can make your urine darker and/or cloudy.

Ordinary, everyday substances sometimes make your urine darker than normal. Examples include beets, blackberries, B complex vitamins, beta carotene and food colorings.

Dehydration Causes Dark Yellow Urine
Urine that is dark yellow in color is very often caused by dehydration. When you drink less water, your urine becomes more concentrated and it will appear darker. Make sure your water intake is adequate. Eight glasses a day is a common recommendation, but you may need to drink more in certain situations, such as the following:

  • Extreme weather temperatures, both hot and cold;
  • Exercise increases your need for water;
  • Sweating;
  • Your height and weight.

As you drink more water, you should notice the color of your urine getting lighter and lighter.

Foods and Medications that Can Turn Your Pee Dark Yellow
The foods you eat can make your urine dark yellow. Food coloring, dyes and even compounds found in natural, unprocessed food could make your pee darker temporarily. Sometimes you will even find these dyes or colorings in medications. Some foods known to cause a change in the color of your urine include:

  • Blackberries
  • Asparagus
  • Beets
  • Fava Beans
  • Aloe

If you have taken certain medications recently, they could be the cause of dark yellow urine color:

  • Laxatives
  • Warfarin
  • Rifampin
  • Phenazopyridine
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • Quinine and related drugs
  • Sulfamethoxazole

Diseases and Medical Conditions that Cause Dark Yellow Urine
If you are having other symptoms in addition to dark yellow urine, such as foul smelling urine, fever or pain, you should see your doctor for a diagnosis. It is quite possible your symptoms are related and may be part of a larger problem.

Urinary Tract Infections
One common medical condition that causes dark yellow urine is a urinary tract infection (UTI). If you have a UTI, chances are your urine looks cloudy or has a foul odor, and you could have other typical symptoms:

  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Painful urination
  • Pain in your back under one of your ribs
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Nausea and/or vomiting

If you have a compromised immune system or any of the conditions below, you are at a higher risk for having UTIs:

  • Diabetes
  • Kidney Disease or kidney stones
  • Pregnant
  • Have an enlarged prostate

Dark Colored Urine

There are also medications that will make your urine dark, such as pyridium. An example of an over-the-counter medication that changes urine color is AZO, which relieves urinary pain.

Liver diseases may cause dark urine. Jaundice, known for its tendency to turn skin yellow, is a sign associated with liver dysfunction. Hepatitis A, B and C may cause dark colored urine, but they are not the only liver conditions that may do this.

Gallstones may cause urine color to become darker. Other symptoms they cause include loss of appetite, indigestion and jaundice.

Overheating/over exposure to heat causes urine to become dark. If you suspect someone is overheating, seek medical attention immediately. If not treated, this condition can kill a person. Some other signs of overheating are clammy skin, hyperventilation (fast breathing) and excessive sweating.

Dark Urine

If you or a loved one is experiencing dark urine, it could be cause for alarm, but most likely it is nothing to get worried about.  Your urine is normally clear with a faint yellow color.  The color of your urine may change, however, based on the types of foods you’re eating, the liquids you’re drinking, and the medications you’re taking.  Some substances and compounds can alter the color of our urine, sometimes leading to dark urine.

What Causes Dark Urine?

Some of the things that can lead to dark urine are natural or artificial food colors, which may come from foods like dark colored berries or beets.  Even something as mundane as black licorice, (which also makes your stool turn green, by the way) can give you a dark urine color.  Alcoholic drinks can also darken the color of your urine, so if you are drinking a lot, consider cutting back.  Another good idea is to increase your water intake- whether or not you continue drinking alcohol, making this simple change can do wonders for the health of your urinary tract and liver.

If you take vitamins or laxatives, you may notice a change in the color of your urine, making it look darker.  Pyridium, a substance commonly found in laxatives, is one drug that will often make your urine a darker color.  If you’re taking a carotene supplement, which is a form of Vitamin A, or if you just have higher levels of carotene from eating foods such as broccoli, spinach, or other fruits and vegetables high in carotene, your urine could darken as a result.  This is usually no cause for concern.

Another possible cause of dark urine is blood.  Many things can cause blood to appear in your urine, including infections, kidney disease, kidney stones, severe bodily trauma, and even cancer.  If you’re suffering from a urinary tract infection, your urine may appear darker in color.  Jaundice, which is yellowing of the skin, is another cause of dark urine because of the increased levels of bilirubin in the bloodstream.  Liver disease or other obstructions that interfere with bile, such as diseases of the pancreas or bile ducts, are sometimes to blame for dark colored urine.

The most common cause of dark urine, however, is dehydration.  If you’re not drinking enough water your urine will be more concentrated, leading to urine that is darker than normal.

When to Seek Medical Attention

If you’ve experienced any pain when you urinate and/or your urine is a dark color, you could have a medical condition that needs attention.  Fever and fatigue are also warning  signs that should make you seek a doctor’s advice. and if your dark urine is accompanied by any of these symptoms, schedule an appointment with your doctor immediately.  A dark brown color, for instance, could mean you’re suffering from a serious liver ailment, possibly even cirrhosis or hepatitis.  When dark urine shows up with other symptoms, prompt medical attention is your best course of action.

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Hyperthyroidism
Pregnancy and Lactation
Renal Glycosuria
Repeated Vomiting
Starvation

 

Kidney, Bladder and Liver Conditions that Cause Smelly Urine
Kidney, Bladder and Liver Conditions Main Page
Bladder Cancer
Fistula
Kidney Stones
Liver Failure
Renal Glycosuria
Vesicoureteral Reflux

 

Top 10 Causes of Stinky Urine
Asparagus
Dehydration
High Protein, Low-Carb Diets
Kidney Stones
Medications
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Smoking
Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)
Vitamins and Supplements
Yeast Infections

 

Worst Case Scenarios
Worst Case Scenarios Main Page
Bladder Cancer
Diabetes
Fistula
Glycogen Storage Disease
Ketoacidosis
Liver Failure
Maple Syrup Urine Disease
Phenylketonuria

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Filed under Bladder & Liver Diseases, Colors of Urine, Genetic Disorders, Infections, Ketone-Related, Kidney, Top 10 Causes of Stinky Urine

Cloudy Urine

cloudy urineMost of the time, urine is pale yellow and transparent. It is not necessarily abnormal to have cloudy urine, though. There are both harmless and dangerous possible causes of it.

One cause that is harmless is when you have a buildup of phosphates in your urine. This will make it appear cloudy instead of clear. This can occur due to the foods you ate. Your urine should return to normal within a day or two.

 

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can cause cloudy urine. Usually, a UTI will have other symptoms, like frequent urination, urinary pain or a constant urge to urinate. It is possible, though, for a UTI to have no other symptoms. The only way to find out if you have a UTI is to consult with a doctor and have your urine tested.

 

What Causes Cloudy Urine?

Cloudy urine can come from excessive protein in the urine. This is called proteinuria.  It can be caused by high blood pressure, kidney diseases and in pregnant women, it may be a sign of pre-eclampsia.

In men, inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis) can cause cloudy urine. It usually also causes more noticeable symptoms, such as pain, fever and chills. If you suspect you have prostatitis, you should see a doctor.

 

 

What Causes Cloudy Urine During Pregnancy?

Cloudy urine during pregnancy can have many causes. It is important to let your doctor know if you are having cloudy urine during pregnancy, as the it could be a sign of pre-eclampsia.

Cloudy urine during pregnancy can also come from excessive protein in the urine (proteinuria). It can be caused by high blood pressure, kidney disease and urinary tract infections. Many people experience cloudy urine at times, but if you have cloudy urine during pregnancy, you should discuss it with your doctor just to be sure it is not serious.

 

Some sexually transmitted diseases may cause your urine to look cloudy. Gonorrhea in particular is known for causing this.

Pus or vaginal discharge in urine can make it look cloudy.

CLICK HERE for information on urine that is cloudy and white.

 

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Filed under Colors of Urine, Infections, Kidney